Definition

What is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus. Gonorrhea can be easily passed between people through:

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex;
  • Sharing vibrators or other sex toys that haven’t been washed or covered with a new condom each time they’re used;

How common is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is extremely common. It commonly affects more males than females. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?

The common symptoms of gonorrhea are:

  • Thick green or yellow discharge from the vagina or penis;
  • Pain when urinating;
  • Bleeding between periods in women;
  • Severe eye infection in newborn if the mother has untreated gonorrhea.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Painful urination;
  • Increase in vaginal discharge;
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding;
  • Anal itching;
  • Soreness of the anus (for both men and women);
  • Bleeding from the anus (for both men and women);
  • Painful bowel movements (for both men and women).

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus, easily passed between people through:

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex;
  • Sharing vibrators or other sex toys that haven’t been washed or covered with a new condom each time they’re used.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for gonorrhea?

There are many risk factors for gonorrhea, but the most important risk factor is having unprotected vaginal sex.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is gonorrhea diagnosed?

Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through:

  • Clinical evaluation based on the detailed patient history and identification of characteristic symptoms;
  • Testing a sample of discharge picked up using a swab;
  • Testing a sample of urine.

How is gonorrhea treated?

Gonorrhea is usually treated with a single antibiotic injection and a single antibiotic tablet.

You should attend a follow-up appointment a week or two after treatment, so another test can be carried out to see if you’re clear of infection.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage gonorrhea?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with gonorrhea:

  • Using male condoms or female condoms every time you have vaginal sex, or male condoms during anal sex;
  • Using a condom to cover the penis, or a latex or plastic square (dam) to cover the female genitals, if you have oral sex;
  • Not sharing sex toys, or washing them and covering them with a new condom before anyone else uses them;
  • Avoiding having sex until you’ve been given the all-clear;

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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