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Know the basics

What is fibroadenoma?

Fibroadenoma are benign tumors that occur in your breast. Not all lumps that appear in your breast are fibroadenoma. People often mistaken fibroadenoma with breast cancer tumor. The difference between the two types is that fibroadenoma  don’t become larger overtime or extend to other organs like a breast cancer, they just remain in the breast tissue.

You can feel the tumor when you perform breast examination. If you feel a firm, rubbery lumps with a well-defined shape in your breast, you should get diagnosed for fibroadenoma.

How common is fibroadenoma?

Fibroadenoma is common in young women, often in often in adolescent girls and women under the age of 30 but it can also affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of fibroadenoma?

When you press on your skin, you can feel fibroadenoma like a marble in your breast. The common signs and symptoms of fibroadenoma is that you you have solid breast lumps or masses that usually are round with distinct borders. Fibroadenoma are usually painless and able to move around when you touch them.

Fibroadenoma can have different sizes, they can get bigger or even shrink on their own. However, they are usually small, only 1 or 2 centimeters in size.

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor immediately when you detect a new breast lump or your breast has any change, or if a breast lump you have realized before seems to grow larger or change.

Know the causes

What causes fibroadenoma?

Although the exact cause of fibroadenoma has not been found, researcher suspect hormones to play a part in forming fibroadenoma. Fibroadenoma might have a connection to reproductive hormones because fibroadenoma tends to occur more often during your reproductive years. Then they can turn bigger during pregnancy or from use of hormone therapy. After menopause, along with the decrease of hormone levels, they may even shrink.

The other cause can be your taking oral contraceptives before the age of 20, which can cause the development and growth of fibroadenomas.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for fibroadenoma?

There are many risk factors for fibroadenoma, such as:

  • Estrogen therapy or other hormone therapies;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Breastfeeding;
  • Use of birth control pills.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is fibroadenoma diagnosed?

To diagnose your fibroadenoma, your doctor can ask you to have a physical examination where your breasts can be examined manually. Depending on your situation, you may need to have a breast ultrasound or mammogram imaging test. If you have to take a breast ultrasound, you will lie on a table while a hand-held device, called a transducer, is moved over the skin of the breast to create a picture on a screen. In mammogram test, you can experience an X-ray of the breast while the breast is compressed between two flat surfaces.

To check if the tumor is cancerous or not, your doctor can recommend a fine needle aspiration or biopsy. This involves inserting a needle into your breast and removing small pieces of the tumor to send to a lab. Through microscopic examination, your doctor can know the type of fibroadenoma and if it is cancerous.

How is fibroadenoma treated?

If your doctor confirm that your breast lump is a fibroadenoma, you may not need surgery. Because fibroadenoma is linked to hormone levels, they might shrink after your reproductive hormone decrease. You possibly don’t need any treatment to deal with this disease in some cases. However, if you think that your fibroadenoma can shrink or disappear on their own, or if the shape of your breast might change because of the tumor, you can choose to take a surgery.

Before taking the surgery, you need to monitor the fibroadenoma with follow-up visits to your doctor for breast ultrasounds. This helps you to know any changes in the appearance or size of the lump. Once fibroadenoma really concerns you, you can consider taking a surgery to remove it.

However, if one of your tests is abnormal, a surgery is required. At first a surgeon removes breast tissue and sends it to a lab to check for cancer. If the test result show non-cancerous cells, your doctor will remove the tumor. One method of removing fibroadenoma tumor is by cryoablation. In this procedure, your doctor inserts a thin, wand-like device through your skin to the fibroadenoma with a gas to freeze the tissue.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage fibroadenoma?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with fibroadenoma:

  • You should have regular checkups with your doctor and schedule regular mammograms if you have fibroadenoma.
  • You should examine your breast regularly to check for any sign of unusual growth.
  • You should pay attention to boost your immune system by having regular exercise and proper diet.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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