What is febrile seizure?


Know the basics

What is febrile seizure?

Febrile seizures occur when a child have a seizure during the course of an illness with a high fever. These seizures can be very alarming to the parents and other caregivers.

How common is febrile seizure?

This febrile seizures is extremely common. It commonly affects patient in early childhood and after age 60. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of febrile seizure?

The common symptoms of febrile seizures are:

  • Breathing pause for longer than 15 to 20 seconds or has severe trouble breathing;
  • A seizure  longer than 3 minutes, or the child has a second seizure;
  • Fever,vomiting, severe headache;
  • Sleepiness;
  • Stiff neck;
  • Bulging soft spots on a baby’s head;

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes febrile seizure?

Febrile seizures can be the result of bacterial or viral infections, especially human herpesvirus-6. Also, certain conditions may cause seizures, including:

  • Alzheimer’s disease or dementia;
  • Heart problems, such as stroke or heart attack;
  • Head or brain injury, including injury before birth;
  • Lupus;
  • Meningitis;
  • Taking vaccines;

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for febrile seizure?

There are many risk factors for febrile seizures, such as:

  • Abnormal development before the febrile seizure;
  • Complex febrile seizures;
  • Family history of seizures without fever;
  • Family history of febrile seizures;
  • History of brain infection or injury;
  • Having a brain tumor;
  • History of stroke;
  • History of complex febrile seizures;
  • Using certain recreational drugs or certain medications;
  • Overdosing on drugs;
  • Exposure to toxic substances;

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is febrile seizure diagnosed?

Febrile seizures can be diagnosed by using:

  • A blood test, a urine test to check for infection, if needed;
  • A spinal tap to check for infection in central nervous system such as meningitis, if needed;
  • For complex febrile seizures, to confirm in case of being suspected to have complex febrile seizures.
  • MRI, to check whether febrile seizures are caused by brain damage of child, if needed.

How is febrile seizure treated?

Medications are not required in most case of febrile seizure. To reduce multiplying episodes of febrile seizures, some medications can be prescribed, such as:

  • Phenobarbital;
  • Depakote (Valproate);
  • Diastat (Diazepam) gel or liquid diazepam administered through rectum;
  • Klonopin (Clonazepam) wafers can be placed sublingually;
  • Diazepam or Lorazepam;

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage febrile seizure?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with febrile seizures:

  • Put your child on security place to make sure that he or she won’t fall;
  • Pay attention to your child as closely as possible;
  • Be careful with hard or sharp objects near your child;
  • Loosen tight or restrictive clothing;
  • Do not put anything in your child’s mouth.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017