Definition

What is Epilepsy: complex partial seizures?

A complex partial seizure is known as a focal impaired awareness seizure or a focal onset impaired awareness seizure.

This type of seizure starts in a single area of the brain. This area is usually, but not always, the temporal lobe of the brain.

How common is Epilepsy: complex partial seizures?

For those with epilepsy, this is the most common type of seizure.

This type of seizure has been known to occur in people with cerebral palsy. It includes uncontrolled movement of limbs or other body parts. These seizures are usually very short, and the person having the seizure will be unaware of their surroundings. They may also become unconscious for a brief period of time.

It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of Epilepsy: complex partial seizures?

A complex partial seizure can have multiple possible symptoms. However, these symptoms may occur during one seizure and not another. Complex partial seizures normally only last a few minutes. Seizures beginning in the frontal lobe area of the brain are usually shorter than those that start in the temporal lobe area.

Symptoms will often start abruptly, and the person experiencing the seizure may not know they have had one. The person may:

  • Stare blankly or look like they’re daydreaming
  • Be unable to respond
  • Wake from sleep suddenly
  • Swallow, smack their lips, or otherwise move their mouth repetitively
  • Pick at things like the air, clothing, or furniture
  • Say words repetitively
  • Scream, laugh, or cry
  • Perform actions that can cause potential danger to themselves, like walking in front of moving cars or removing all or portions of their clothing
  • Perform movements like they are riding a bicycle
  • Be unaware, either partially or totally, of their surroundings
  • Hallucinate
  • Try to hurt themselves
  • Experience confusion when the seizure ends
  • Be unable to remember the seizure when it’s over

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

Causes

What causes hemolytic anemia?

It’s possible that a doctor may not be able to pinpoint the source of hemolytic anemia. However, there are several diseases and even medications that can cause this condition. The following are some underlying causes of extrinsic hemolytic anemia:

  • Enlarged spleen
  • Hepatitis
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Typhoid fever
  • Escherichia coli
  • Streptococcus
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Tumors
  • Lupus
  • Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, an autoimmune disorder
  • HELLP syndrome (named for its characteristics, which include hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count)

Hemolytic anemia isn’t always due to an autoimmune disorder. In some instances, it’s the result of taking certain medications. This is known as drug-induced hemolytic anemia. Some examples of medications that could cause the condition are:

  • Acetaminophen
  • Antibiotics, such as penicillin, ampicillin, or methicillin
  • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
  • Ibuprofen
  • Interferon alfa
  • Procainamide
  • Quinine
  • Rifampin (Rifadin)

One of the most severe forms of hemolytic anemia is the kind caused by receiving a blood transfusion of the wrong blood type. Every person has a distinct blood type (A, B, AB, or O). If you receive an incompatible blood type, your existing blood will begin to produce immune cells called antibodies to fight the transfused blood. The result is an extremely fast destruction of red blood cells. This is why healthcare providers need to carefully check blood types before giving blood.

Some causes of hemolytic anemia are temporary. Hemolytic anemia is curable if a doctor can identify the underlying cause and treat it.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for hemolytic anemia?

Women are more likely to develop AHA. Other factors that increase risk include:

  • A family history of hemolytic anemia
  • Having leukemia or other cancers
  • A recent viral infection
  • Having certain autoimmune diseases
  • Taking medications known to cause AHA

AHA is more common in people middle-aged and older.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is hemolytic anemia diagnosed?

Diagnosing hemolytic anemia often begins with a review of your medical history and symptoms. During the physical exam, your doctor will be checking for pale or yellowed skin. They may also press gently on different areas of your stomach to check for tenderness, which could indicate an enlarged liver or spleen.

If a doctor suspects anemia, they’ll order diagnostic tests. Blood tests that help to diagnose hemolytic anemia include:

  • Bilirubin, which is a test that measures the level of red blood cells your liver has broken down
  • Hemoglobin, which is a test that measures the amount of red blood cells you have
  • Liver function tests
  • Reticulocyte count, which is a test that measures how many red blood cells your body is producing

If your doctor thinks your condition may be related to intrinsic anemia, they may have your blood samples viewed under a microscope to examine their shape and size.

Other tests include a urine test to look for the presence of red blood cells. In some cases, a doctor may order a bone marrow aspiration or biopsy. This test can provide information about how many red blood cells are being made and their shape.

How is hemolytic anemia treated?

Treatment options for hemolytic anemia differ depending on severity of the condition, your age, your health, and your tolerance to certain medications.

Treatment options for hemolytic anemia include:

  • Blood transfusion. A blood transfusion is given to quickly increase your red blood cell count and to replace destroyed red blood cells with new ones.
  • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). A low blood cell count can negatively affect the way your immune system fights infection. You may be given immunoglobulin intravenously in the hospital to improve your immune system function.
  • In the case of an extrinsic form of hemolytic anemia of autoimmune origin, you may be prescribed corticosteroids. They can stop your immune system from making antibodies that destroy red blood cells.
  • In severe cases, your spleen may need to be removed. The spleen is where red blood cells are destroyed. Removing the spleen can reduce how fast red blood cells are destroyed. However, this is usually used as an option only after all other treatments have been used.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage hemolytic anemia?

For some people, symptoms are mild and resolve with time and without treatment. Others may need care for the rest of their lives. Seeking care when a person has early anemia symptoms can be the first step to feeling better in the long term.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: October 16, 2017 | Last Modified: October 16, 2017

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