What is dyslexia?


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Know the basics

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that causes problems with reading, writing and spelling. It does not affect intelligence.

How common is dyslexia?

Dyslexia mostly occurs in children and may be undetected until adulthood.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of dyslexia?

The common symptoms of dyslexia are:

  • Slowly or difficulty spelling, talking and reading
  • Difficulty learning rhymes or playing rhyming games
  • Problems processing, remembering and understanding the things he/she hears
  • Difficulty seeing similarities and differences in words or letters
  • Problems pronouncing new words
  • Difficulty learning a foreign language

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if your kid has a lower reading level than you expect, or if he/she has any signs or symptoms above. Dyslexia is usually unrealized during childhood and continues to happen in adulthood.

Know the causes

What causes dyslexia?

Dyslexia is not due to personal’s intelligence. It has related to certain genes that control the brain development. Dyslexia is an inherited condition. The inherit factors affect the brain and the ability to work with letters and words.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for dyslexia?

There are many risk factors for dyslexia, such as:

  • Your family has a history of dyslexia
  • Different parts of the brain that enable reading

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

Diagnosing dyslexia in young children can be hard because the signs are not always obvious. A doctor can ask for:

  • Patient’s natural development, educational results, medical history
  • Family history
  • Questionnaires: Doctors may ask your child to answer questions to check for language abilities
  • Vision, hearing and brain (neurological) tests
  • Psychological test: The doctor may ask questions about your child’s psychological condition to examine social issues, anxiety that can affect his/her abilities
  • Reading and other academic skills tests

How is dyslexia treated?

Dyslexia can be difficult to diagnose and treat completely, but with timely mental support and stimulation from school and parent can improve success.

  • Educational stimulation: Teachers may use some techniques related to hearing, vision and touching to improve reading skills. A reading specialist can also help your child to learn to recognize the phonemes that build up words; understand what he/she say; practice reading loudly; …
  • Parental care: Parents of the child need to detect the problem as soon as possible; practice with him/her reading aloud; encourage them to read more often.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage dyslexia?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with dyslexia:

  • Be supportive: Encourage your child to improve his/her self-esteem
  • Discuss with your child: Explain to him/her about dyslexia and help them to understand more about this difficulty
  • Slowly help him/her at home: Design a study space for your kid and ensure to provide him/her a healthy, nutritious diet
  • Discuss with teachers regularly: about your child’s current status and ask them if they could help your child at school
  • Join a social group: with parents having the same problem as you to learn and know more useful ways to cope with dyslexia.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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