What is dizzy?


Know the basics

What is dizzy?

Feeling dizzy, or dizziness is not a disease but a symptom of various health problem. It is used to describe the feeling of being lightheaded, woozy, or unbalanced.

Feeling dizzy can be effectively treated depending on the cause, but the problem can recur. In most cases, dizziness is not a serious problem and will go away on their own or when the underlying condition is cured. However, if dizziness affects your daily life, you can use medication to control the feeling.

How common is dizzy?

Dizziness is extremely common. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of dizzy?

Dizziness is more of a symptom than a condition. The common symptoms that often happen with feeling dizzy are:

  • Vertigo;
  • Lightheadedness or feeling faint;
  • Unsteadiness or unbalanced feeling;
  • A feeling of floating, wooziness or heavy-headedness;

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • A sudden or severe headache;
  • Ongoing vomiting;
  • Fainting;
  • Chest pain or an irregular heart rate;
  • Numbness or weakness;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • A high fever;
  • A very stiff neck;
  • A head injury;
  • Seizures;
  • Dizziness;
  • Vertigo;

Know the causes

What causes dizzy?

Dizziness has many potential causes, including:

  • Inner ear disturbance;
  • Motion sickness;
  • Medication use: anti-seizure drugs, antidepressants, sedatives and tranquilizers;
  • Poor circulation: drop in blood pressure, cardiomyopathy, heart attack;
  • Infection;
  • Injury;
  • Migraine;
  • Meniere’s disease;
  • Anxiety disorders;
  • Hypoglycemia;
  • Anemia;
  • Overheating and dehydration;

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for dizzy?

There are many risk factors for dizzy, such as:

  • Dizzy occurs in adults more commonly than the children.
  • History of dizziness.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is dizzy diagnosed?

Dizziness is diagnosed with the underlying cause. Because there are many conditions that can lead to dizziness, there are many tests to diagnose dizziness.

  • Physical examination;
  • MRI or CT scan in case of having a stroke;
  • Check how to walk and maintain balance;
  • Check how the central nervous system works;
  • Hearing test and balance tests can be performed, including:
  • Eye movement testing;
  • Head movement testing;
  • Posturography;
  • Rotary-chair testing.

How is dizzy treated?

Dizziness often gets better without treatment. The treatment, if need, is based on the cause of this condition and symptoms, including medications and balance exercises.

  • Medications may be:
  • Medications that reduce the dizziness such as antihistamines anticholinergics, scopolamine skin patches (transderm scop).
  • Anti-nausea medications.
  • Anti-anxiety medications such as diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax).
  • Preventive medicine for migraine
  • Balance therapy: specific exercises to help make balance system less sensitive to motion.
  • Surgical or other procedures:
  • Injections. Gentamicin (antibiotics) can be injected in inner ear to disable the balance function.
  • Removal of the inner ear sense organ (labyrinthectomy).

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage dizzy?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with dizzy:

  • Be aware of the possibility of losing your balance.
  • Avoid moving suddenly and walk with a cane for stability, if needed.
  • Removing tripping hazards such as area rugs and exposed electrical cords.
  • Sit or lie down immediately when you feel dizzy.
  • Avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery if you experience frequent dizziness.
  • Avoid using caffeine, alcohol, salt and tobacco.
  • Drink enough fluids, eat a healthy diet, get enough sleep and avoid stress.
  • Make sure that medications that you use do not cause dizzy.
  • Rest in a cool place and drink water or a sports drink.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017