Know the basics

What is coughing blood?

Coughing blood (hemoptysis) can be a sign of a serious medical condition, such as infections, cancer, and problems in blood vessels or in the lungs.

How common is coughing blood?

This coughing blood is relatively common. It commonly affects more females than males. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of coughing blood?

The symptoms of coughing blood include:

  • A cough that produces more than a few teaspoons of blood;
  • Blood in your urine or stools;
  • Chest pain;
  • Dizziness;
  • Fever;
  • Light-headedness;
  • Severe shortness of breath;

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if your cough produces considerable volume of blood (more than teaspoons).  Other symptoms accompanied can be severe shortness of breath, lightheadedness, or dizziness.

Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes coughing blood?

There are many reasons for coughing blood, including:

  • Bronchitis;
  • Bronchiectasis;
  • Lung cancer;
  • Use anticoagulation;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Pulmonary embolism;
  • Congestive heart failure;
  • Tuberculosis;
  • Inflammatory or auto-immune conditions;
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs);
  • Crackcocaine.;
  • Trauma, such as a gunshot wound or motor vehicle accident;
  • Dieulafoy’s disease;
  • Severenosebleeds or vomiting;

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for coughing blood?

Risk factors of coughing blood are the presence of other health condition mentioned above:

  • Bronchitis;
  • Bronchiectasis;
  • Lung cancer;
  • Use anticoagulation;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Pulmonary embolism;
  • Congestive heart failure;
  • Tuberculosis;
  • Inflammatory or auto-immune conditions;
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs);
  • Crackcocaine;
  • Trauma, such as a gunshot wound or motor vehicle accident;
  • Dieulafoy’s disease;
  • Severenosebleeds or vomiting;

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is coughing blood diagnosed?

Question about the nature of the bleeding, such as: where bleeding comes from (airways, lungs…), amount of blood…. to determine the cause. And then, based on the preliminary evaluation, others laboratory test can be demanded, including:

  •  Chest X-ray.
  •  CT Scan:  to have a clear pictures of the inside of the body.
  • Bronchoscopy.
  • Blood tests: such as complete blood count to determine number of white and red blood cells in blood.
  • Other tests: such as sophisticated test and scans.

How is coughing blood treated?

The treatment aims to stop bleeding and treat the original health condition causing coughing blood.

To stop bleeding, ronchial artery embolization, Bronchoscopy even surgery can be performed.

Causal treatment depends on the health condition causing coughing blood.

Other treatments for people with coughing blood may contain:

  • antibiotics for treatment of pneumonia or tuberculosis;
  • chemotherapy and/or radiation for treatment of lung cancer;
  • steroids for reduce inflammatory conditions;
  • cough suppressants;

Transfusion of blood products or other medications to curb blood loss can be prescribed depending on patient situation.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage coughing blood?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with coughing blood:

  • Quitting smoking, if applicable.
  • Avoiding irritants and allergens that make you cough.
  • Follow a healthy diet.
  • Follow a health care to treat health problem causing coughing blood.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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