What is corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?


Know the basics

What is corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?

Corneal abrasion is a scratch on the surface of the cornea caused by a foreign object. The cornea is the transparent fluid layer outside of the eyeball, which acts as the protective “shield”, also combined with vitreous and retina focus the light from the image transmitted to the retina within eyeball. These foreign bodies such as dust, grains of sand, small insects, etc. can fly into the eye and stick or remain on the cornea. If not treated properly, the disease can cause permanent corneal damage.

How common is corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?

Corneal abrasion can occur at any age and in any normal activities like exercise, road, repair or even accidentally hit heavily in the cornea. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Always consult your doctor for more information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?

Most, if present in the corneal foreign body, your eyes may become red, sore and become sensitive to light. Eyesight may be temporarily blurred. If the foreign body causing abrasions on the cornea, you may feel:

  • Hot warm, irritation, pain, red or watery eyes;
  • Impaired vision;
  • The muscles around the eyes twitching.

There may be other symptoms and signs are not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

When foreign objects are lodged in the eye, you should see your doctor to be treated with the best treatment method.

  • For children: call your child’s doctor if the child vision impairment, eye pain or redness children, or watery eyes.
  • For adults: see a doctor if you are unable to remove foreign bodies from the eye or you feel the eyes are bulging despite remove foreign bodies from the eye, or blurred vision impairment, eye bleeding.

The doctor will guide and provide timely treatment to prevent sudden cornea.

Know the causes

What causes corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?

There are many causes of corneal suddenly. Foreign bodies in the eye flying or clinging are the major causes of sudden cornea. These foreign bodies such as dust, sand particles stick long in the eyelids can cause scratches on the cornea when you blink. Cigarette smoke, wearing contact lenses for a long time, rub the eye or eye exposure to the sun can also cause corneal suddenly.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?

Ability scratched cornea or foreign bodies in the eye fly higher if you:

  • Wearing contact lenses;
  • Working in a smoky environment such as wood shop, textile factory, … without wearing goggles;
  • Live in a place much sand or contaminated;
  • Playing sports like football, basketball.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion diagnosed?

Your doctor will diagnose by observing eye specialist with special instruments. You may need to use eye drops containing biological pigment to small eyes, which helps doctors consider corneal lesions easier and more accurate.

How is corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion treated?

Based on the status of eye injuries and foreign body type, your doctor can offer treatments and handled accordingly. Typically, the doctor will use eye drops or ointment ingredients steroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation and prevent corneal scarring. You may be specified using antispasmodic eye drops to relieve pain and reduce muscle irritation. In case a foreign object lodged deeply in the eyes, you may need surgery.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage corneal foreign body and corneal abrasion?

If you have scratched corneal abrasion, you should maintain the following routines in order for the treatment to be more effective:

  • Use eye drops and ointments with the instructions, and medications as directed by your doctor.
  • Always rest the eyes after working for so long.
  • Tell your doctor if you feel the eyes become sore, irritated than or corneal condition suddenly worse.
  • Always wear protective goggles when working.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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