What is conjunctivitis?


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Know the basics

What is conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis, also called pinkeye, is a condition that the transparent membrane between the eyelid and the white of the eye (white part of the eye) is swollen by inflammation, causing redness and soreness. Pinkeye can occur in one or both eyes. Although pinkeye is very uncomfortable and unsightly but rarely affects your vision. Pinkeye is an infection, so you should be isolated and treated as soon as possible to avoid infecting to others.

How common is conjunctivitis?

Pinkeye is a very common eye disease and should go away without medication. Everyone at any age can get pinkeye. Translations pinkeye usually occurs in the fall.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis?

As its name, when you have pinkeye, white part of your eye will be reddened as the blood vessels of the conjunctiva become inflamed. In case you suffer from red eyes due to allergies, you may feel itchy. The pinkeye allergens include pollen, pet dander, and dust in the house.

In the case of viral infection, your eyes will be swollen and dry so many tears will flow. With bacterial infections, you’ll feel pain, and irritated, sore inside the eyes.

There may be other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You need to see a doctor if any signs or symptoms listed above that you believe is due to pinkeye caused. Pinkeye is highly contagious within two weeks after the first symptoms appear. Therefore, early treatment not only helps you quickly recover, but also protect your loved ones from getting infected with pinkeye.

Also, you should not arbitrarily treat at home or to the hospital late because you are likely to develop other eye diseases with the same symptoms but more serious and difficult to treat pinkeye.

Know the causes

What causes conjunctivitis?

There are many causes of pinkeye. Can be divided into main reason is allergy, infection, infected and affected by foreign objects. Causes pinkeye such as:

  • Infections cause respiratory diseases such as staph Staphylococcus and Streptococcus;
  • Viral infections, often causing the common cold virus;
  • Allergy to pollen or dust, animal fur;
  • Chemical in the eyes;
  • Newborns blocked tear duct (tear glands).

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for conjunctivitis?

You need to know the risk of pinkeye to avoid infecting other people as well as protect their own health. These factors increase the risk of pinkeye include:

  • Direct contact with tears or finger, hand towels of person with pinkeye;
  • Exposure to allergens;
  • Often used contact lenses, particularly contact lenses one week (type of glass can wear continuously for 7 days instead of removed before sleeping).

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is conjunctivitis diagnosed?

Doctors usually diagnose pinkeye by clinical examination eye to find out the cause of pinkeye. If you do not know the cause of pinkeye, your doctor may recommend some tests to diagnose the exact factors that lead to pinkeye.

How is conjunctivitis treated?

If you have pinkeye caused by bacteria, your doctor will prescribe eye drops or antibiotic ointment. You can reduce the bulging lower eyelid by warm compresses. Pinkeye caused by bacteria usually much better within 48 hours after treatment and usually go away in one week.

With pinkeye virus, antibiotic eye drops or ointment will not take effect. Your doctor will appoint eye drops help increase moisture in the eye combines warm compresses reduce swelling. Pinkeye virus usually improves in 1-2 weeks but can take longer.

If you are allergic, the doctor will appoint eye drops and antihistamines reduce inflammation nasal decongestants to relieve allergy symptoms. Ice will help you relieve itching. Pinkeye allergies can occur seasonally.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage conjunctivitis?

A good lifestyle habits is the best way to prevent pinkeye. Whether you’re sick, ensure good habits will help pinkeye fast out and not transmitted to the body. You can control your disease if you note a few things:

  • Avoid direct contact with anyone if you are suffering from pinkeye;
  • Wash hands frequently;
  • Use towels, washcloths, and a separate pillow with the other members of the family;
  • Dispose of old eye cosmetics and do not share eye cosmetics with others;
  • Avoid the cause of the allergy, if possible;
  • Use medications as directed;
  • Do not touch the infected area or rub your eyes;
  • Do not wear contact lenses until the treatment is finished. You may need to replace contact lenses and glass containers.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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