What is bullous pemphigoid?


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Know the basics

What is bullous pemphigoid?

Bullous pemphigoid is a rare skin disease. The disease begins with redness or rash (urticaria) and change into large blister after several weeks or months. The disease may progress to chronic if prolonged or returned after healing.

How common is bullous pemphigoid?

The disease is most common in people over 60 years and is particularly dangerous if the patient has poor health. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of bullous pemphigoid?

Some patients do not appear any symptoms. Some spots may appear as redness, itching, burning. Serious cases, the blister begins to appear. They are common in the armpits, hands, abdomen, inner thighs and legs. Approximately 1/3 of patients with pemphigoid, bullous also grow in the mouth. The blister may rupture, forming ulcers or open sores.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you suffer from blisters without known cause or skin may appear itchy rash that does not go away fighting at home, please come to see the doctor. Status and condition can vary in many people. Always discuss with your doctor to be appointed diagnostic methods, treatment and the best treatment for you.

Know the causes

What causes bullous pemphigoid?

It is unclear but may be related to immune system disorders, the effects of some other disease, or due to side effects of the drug. These warts appear due to problems in the immune system. The immune system of your body often produces antibodies to fight bacteria, viruses or foreign substances that could harm others. For reasons unclear, the body begins to produce antibodies. When suffering from bullous pemphigoid, the immune system produces antibodies between the epidermis and the dermis of the skin. These antibodies are activated and inflammatory activity, produces blisters and itchy.

Also, some other causes can cause bullous pemphigoid as:

  • Medication: use some drugs can cause bullous pemphigoid include: penicillin, etanercept (Enbrel), sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) and furosemide (Lasix).
  • Use light therapy and radiation: using UV light therapy to treat certain skin conditions can cause bullous pemphigoid, eg radiation therapy for cancer treatment.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for bullous pemphigoid?

Bullous pemphigoid usually occurs in people over 60 years of age, so the older you get lower health and increases the risk of disease is increasing.

There are no risk factors does not mean you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist doctor for more details.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is bullous pemphigoid diagnosed?

Your doctor will diagnose based on medical history and skin test point. The doctor checked the outside skin puffiness, test skin samples and in some cases will take a blood test. Also performing skin biopsy, taking a small sample of skin tests to confirm the diagnosis.

How is bullous pemphigoid treated?

An anti-inflammatory medicine called corticosteroids will be prescribed by a doctor. Drugs are available with oral and injectable forms. In case of mild disease or early detection, patients will use topical corticosteroids. Your doctor may also prescribe medicine to strengthen the immune system.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage bullous pemphigoid?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with bullous pemphigoid:

  • Take the medication was prescribed. Also, inform your doctor all the medicines you take, including prescription drugs.
  • Eat nutritious. Or light liquid diet can help relieve pain when eating or swallowing.
  • Clean the skin clean to prevent infection.
  • Check the recovery process of the skin. Watch for signs of infection such as redness, discharge, pain, swelling or puffiness place lymph nodes and fever.
  • Wash clothes, towels and linen regularly if bullous ooze, broken, scaly or infection.
  • Call your doctor if you have symptoms of infection, severe skin puffiness, appearing for cotton or new symptoms.
  • Go to the clinic if you have a fever, lethargy, confusion or weakness.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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