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Definition

What is a bronchial adenoma?

A bronchial adenoma is a type of tumor in the windpipe (trachea) or large airways of the lung (bronchi) that usually blocks the airway. Although the term bronchial adenoma was once used to refer to noncancerous (benign) airway tumors, these tumors (with the exception of mucous gland adenomas), are now known to spread to other areas of the body.

How common is a bronchial adenoma?

Bronchial adenoma is a rare type of cancer. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of a bronchial adenoma?

The common symptoms of a bronchial adenoma are:

  • Bloody sputum
  • Cough
  • Wheezing
  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Slowly resolving pneumonia
  • Collapse of a lung lobe or segment
  • Cough lasting more than 6 weeks

Other symptoms that can (rarely) occur with this disease:

  • Skin blushing/flushing

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What causes a bronchial adenoma?

Doctors don’t know the exact cause. Genes may play a role in some forms of this cancer.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for a bronchial adenoma?

There are many risk factors for this condition, such as:

  • Genetics
  • Having multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN)
  • Having radiation to your head and neck

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is a bronchial adenoma diagnosed?

To diagnose bronchial adenoma, your doctor may give you one or more of these tests:

  • Biopsy removes a small piece of tissue. A specialist checks the sample under a microscope to see if it’s cancer.
  • X-ray uses low doses of radiation to make images of structures inside your body. A chest X-ray can look for a tumor in your lungs.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging,uses powerful magnets and radio waves to make pictures of organs and structures inside your body. It can show the size of the tumor. You may get a liquid to drink, or into a vein before the test. This contrast dye will help create a clearer picture.

Your doctor might also do other types of scans to look for the tumor and see if it has spread.

How is a bronchial adenoma treated?

Which treatment you get depends on your:

  • Type and stage of cancer
  • Age
  • Health
  • Preferences

Options include:

  • This is the main treatment for bronchial adenomas. The surgeon will remove the cancer and some of the tissue around it. Lymph nodes around the tumor may also be removed to stop the disease from spreading.
  • This treatment uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. It can relieve symptoms and help you feel better. You also can get it after surgery to kill any cancer cells left behind. Most often, you’ll get radiation from a machine outside your body. Another option is to have tiny radioactive pellets implanted near the tumor. A few days later, your doctor will take them out. Radiation can cause side effects such as:
    • Fatigue
    • Skin redness in the area where you got treatment
    • Sore throat and mouth
    • Cough
    • Shortness of breath

These problems should go away once you stop the treatment.

  • Chemo uses drugs to kill cancer cells all over your body. You get it through a vein (IV) or as a pill. You may get chemo along with other treatments if your cancer has spread. Or, you might get it after surgery to kill any cancer cells left behind. Possible side effects from chemo include:
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Hair loss
    • Loss of appetite
    • Diarrhea
    • Increased risk of infection
  • This treatment uses medicine to boost your immune system’s ability to find and destroy cancer. Immunotherapy can shrink tumors or stop their growth.
  • Targeted therapy. These treatments look for proteins or genes that are unique to your cancer, and that help it grow. Then it targets those substances to stop the cancer from spreading.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage a bronchial adenoma?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with a bronchial adenoma:

  • Treatment for bronchial adenoma can be stressful. It’s important to talk openly about your feelings with your doctors, nurses, and the other members of your treatment team. A therapist, psychologist, or counselor can help you get through some of the concerns and emotions you may feel.
  • You may also want to look for a support group for other people with this condition. It helps to be able to talk with people who know what you’re going through, because they know what it’s like and can relate to you.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: November 1, 2017 | Last Modified: November 1, 2017

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