Brain hemorrhage

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

msBahasa Malaysia


What is brain hemorrhage?

A brain hemorrhage or intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a type of stroke. ICH is when blood suddenly bursts into brain tissue, causing damage to the brain. When blood from trauma irritates brain tissues, it causes swelling. This is known as cerebral edema. The pooled blood collects into a mass called a hematoma. These conditions increase pressure on the surrounding tissues, killing the brain cells eventually.

Bleeding can occur inside the brain, between the brain and the membranes that cover it, between the layers of the brain’s covering or between the skull and the covering of the brain.

This is a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment. Most people have some level of permanent disability. Some patients recover completely. Possible complications include stroke, loss of brain function, or side effects from medications or treatments. Death is possible, and may quickly occur despite prompt medical treatment.

How common is brain hemorrhage?

This health condition is extremely common. It can affect at any ages. It commonly affects more males than females. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.


What are the symptoms of brain hemorrhage?

The common symptoms of brain hemorrhage are:

  • Sudden severe headache;
  • Weakness in an arm or leg;
  • Nausea, vomiting;
  • Decreased alertness;
  • Difficulty speaking or understanding speech;
  • Difficulty swallowing;
  • Difficulty writing or reading;
  • Trouble with vision in one or both eyes;
  • Loss of balance and coordination, dizziness;
  • Apathy, sleepiness, lethargy;
  • Loss of consciousness;
  • Confusion, delirium;
  • An abnormal sense of taste;

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.


What causes brain hemorrhage?

  • Head trauma. Injury is the most common cause of bleeding in the brain for those younger than age 50.
  • High blood pressure. This chronic condition can, over a long period of time, weak blood vessel walls. Untreated high blood pressure is a major preventable cause of brain hemorrhages.
  • Aneurysm. This is a weaken in a blood vessel wall that swells. It can burst and bleed into the brain, leading to a
  • Blood vessel abnormalities. Weaknesses in the blood vessels in and around the brain may be present at birth and diagnose only if symptoms develop.
  • Amyloid angiopathy. This is an abnormality of the blood vessel walls that sometimes occurs with aging and high blood pressure. It may cause many small, unnoticed bleeds before causing a large one.
  • Blood or bleeding disorders.Hemophilia and sickle cell anemia can both contribute to decreased levels of blood platelets.
  • Liver disease. This condition is associated with increased bleeding in general.
  • Brain tumors.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for brain hemorrhage?

There are many risk factors for brain hemorrhage, such as:

  • Heart disease, such as hypertension.
  • ICH occurs more frequently among men than women.
  • ICH occurs more common among young and middle-aged African Americans and Japanese.


Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is brain hemorrhage diagnosed?

Your doctor can determine which part of the brain is affected based on your symptoms. He or she may run a variety of imaging tests, such as a CT scan, which can reveal internal bleeding or blood accumulation, or an MRI. A neurological exam or eye exam, which can show swelling of the optic nerve, may be performed. A lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is usually not performed, as it may be dangerous and make things worse.

How is brain hemorrhage treated?

Treatment for bleeding in the brain depends on the location, cause, and extent of the hemorrhage. Surgery may be needed to alleviate swelling and prevent bleeding. Depending on the location of the clot either a craniotomy or a stereotactic aspiration may be performed. Certain medications may also be prescribed. These include painkillers, corticosteroids, or diuretics to reduce swelling and anticonvulsants to control seizures.

Long-term treatment will be needed to overcome symptoms caused by damage to the brain. Depending on your symptoms, treatment may include physical, speech, and occupational therapy.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage brain hemorrhage?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with brain hemorrhage:

  • Treat high blood pressure. Studies show that 80% of cerebral hemorrhage. patients have a history of high blood pressure. The single most important thing you can do is control yours through diet, exercise, and medication.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Be careful with some substances such asCocaine can increase the risk of bleeding in the brain.
  • Drive carefully, and wear your seat belt.
  • If you ride a motorcycle, always wear a helmet.
  • Be careful withCoumadin. If you take this drug, also called warfarin, follow up regularly with your doctor to make sure your blood levels are in the correct range.
  • Keeping diabetes under control.
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: November 5, 2016 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019

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