Definition

What is blood clot?

Blood clot is a process of gathering blood to the lacerated site and stops the bleeding when you are wounded or injured.

For example, you accidentally cut yourself. The blood clot process is then triggered. Tiny cells in your blood called platelets are then summoned to the site to create an initial plug. The clotting factor in your blood causes a rapid chain reaction that results in forming strands of fibrin holding the platelets together. More platelets are chemically attracted to form a more durable clot to stop the bleeding. Other proteins in your body help to determine to halt the clotting process when it gets big enough. When the wound is healed, then the strands dissolve themselves and the platelets are back to be just normal blood tissues.

How common is blood clot?

This health condition is extremely common. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of blood clot?

You may notice when you cut yourself. There is a small swelling area around the cut, sometimes it becomes itchy, and of course, it is painful. The symptoms of the unexpected blood clot are similar. When clot happens in the veins, then there will be redness, pain, swelling and maybe warm. Sometimes, the whole swollen area gets a bluish color due to major clot.

However, if blood clot occurs in the arteries, things get more severe. Blood flows through arteries to perform biological functions such as respiration, so if clotted, you may experience sweating, shortness of breath, sometimes nausea, chest pain or pressure, indigestion. Blood unable to flow properly to the brain may cause confusion, loss of vision or speech. A stroke does indicate that there is a clotting going somewhere in the body.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Causes

What are the causes of blood clot ?

Blood clot happens when you cut yourself. However, if the blood flow is having trouble moving or it becomes stagnant, blood also starts to clot.

Deep vein thrombosis and atrial fibrillation are two common causes for blood clotting when blood is moving slowly in the veins. Deep vein thrombosis is when blood is thick flows slowly and atrial fibrillation is when your heartbeats are troubling with steadiness thus pumps blood in a chaotic manner.

High cholesterol in the blood can be the cause as it forms plaques inside the arteries. When these plaques bursts, blood then will begin clotting.

Risk factors

Which increases my risk for blood clot?

There are risks factors involving some of the famous conditions, such as:

  • High blood pressure;
  • High cholesterol levels;
  • Diabetes;
  • Smoking;
  • The family medical history that relates to heart attack or stroke;
  • Cancer;
  • People with immobility problems (due to injuries or spending times sitting a lot);
  • Genetic errors.

Diagnosis & treatment

How is blood clot diagnosed?

The first thing is to understand the patient’s medical history to determine any previous condition that can potentially cause a blood clot. The blood clot is a body’s natural process when something goes wrong, therefore, understanding the situation thoroughly will help direct the course of treatment.

Each variation of harmful blood clotting has the different indication as blood clot can happen anywhere in the body, from the brain to the leg. An ultrasound, EEG, EKG, CT scan or any necessary tests are required for further diagnosis.

How is blood clot treated?

With a variety of clotting condition, there is a range of treatment available from taking medications to surgery. The location and severity of the clots will determine what kind of treatments is suitable.

Overall, the goal of treatment is to make the blood flow normally again without any abnormal clotting function. You can also take part in the treating process non-medically by having a healthy lifestyle. Exercising often to guarantee healthy blood circulation might be a good start.

 

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage blood clot?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with blood clot:

  • Get active.
  • Control your cholesterol by eating a healthy diet.
  • Have meals with low in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium.
  • Manage your blood pressure.
  • Lose weight.
  • Reduce blood sugar.
  • Stop smoking.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnose or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: January 4, 2017 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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