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Definition

What is Bartholin cyst?

Bartholin cyst is a swelling or bulge on one or both sides of the vagina. Cysts can form when one of the sweat glands (Bartholin glands) is blocked. Bartholin cysts that aren’t infected may go away without treatment.  

How common is Bartholin cyst?

Women of all ages can have Bartholin cyst. However, women from 20-29 years old have higher risk. You can limit your risk by reducing the risk factors. Always consult your doctor for more information.

Symptoms

What are some signs and symptoms of Bartholin cyst?

Signs and symptoms depend on the patient’s condition. Main symptoms are swelling near the vagina (which can be painless) and painful swelling if a cyst becomes infected, which makes walking and having sex difficult.

There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

When should you see your doctor?

Call your doctor if you have any signs and symptoms of Bartholin cyst:

  • You have a fever or swollen in the groin.
  • You have pus in the cyst.

If you have any questions or suggestions, you should consult your doctor or medical professional to have the best answer.

Causes

What causes Bartholin cyst?

Experts believe that Bartholin cyst caused by infection. A number of bacteria may cause the infection, including Escherichia coli (E. coli) and bacteria that cause sexually transmitted infections.

Risk factors

What increases your risk for Bartholin cyst?

There are many risk factors for Bartholin cyst, such as:

  • Woman who is in pregnant period.
  • Woman who have diabetes.
  • Women who suffer from sexually transmitted infections or insecure sex.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist.

What are your treatment options for Bartholin cyst?

Treatment depends on your condition. Small cysts without symptoms may clear up on their own.

Severe symptoms such as pain or infection, your doctor may want regular examinations to monitor the cyst. Your doctor will want a frequent return visit if the cyst doesn’t go away or if symptoms worsen.

Infected cysts are treated with hot baths, applying moist heat, and taking antibiotics. If these steps don’t work, the doctor may drain the cyst. For this procedure, a small cut is made in the cyst, and stitching is done around the edge. This lets fluid drain out.

What are the most common test for Bartholin cyst?

The doctor will examine the vaginal area for swelling. The doctor may use a swab to get a sample to see whether an infection is present. Blood tests may be done for more accurate diagnosis.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies help manage Bartholin cyst?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with bartholincyst:

  • Follow your doctor’s appointment for monitoring progression of symptoms as well as your health condition;
  • Listen to your doctor’s instruction, do not take unprescribed medicines or leave your dose;
  • Apply heat, take antibiotics, and return for follow-up visits;
  • Practice good hygiene to prevent infections. After using the toilet, always wipe from the front to the back to stop bacteria around the anus from entering the vagina.
  • Practice safe sex to help prevent sexually transmitted diseases;
  • Make sure your blood sugar levels are controlled if you have diabetes. High blood sugars can delay healing;
  • If there are any signs like swelling or pain in the vagina, visit your doctor right away to prevent progression of the disease.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Review Date: October 24, 2017 | Last Modified: October 24, 2017

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