Bahemuka Brown syndrome



What is Bahemuka Brown syndrome?

Bahemuka Brown syndrome is also known as spastic paraplegia-facial-cutaneous lesions syndrome-a complex form of hereditary spastic paraplegia characterized by delays in motor development followed by a slowly progressive spastic paraplegia (affecting mainly lower extremities) associated with a desquamating facial rash with butterfly distribution (presenting at around two months of age) and dysarthria.

How common is Bahemuka Brown syndrome?

Bahemuka Brown syndrome is a very rare syndrome. There have been no further descriptions of this condition in the literature since 1982. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.



What are the symptoms of Bahemuka Brown syndrome?

The common symptoms of Bahemuka Brown syndrome are:

  • Dysarthria
  • Abnormal gait
  • Skin pigmentation abnormalities
  • E.G abnormality
  • Increased reflexes
  • Increased muscle tone
  • Spasticity
  • Urticaria
  • Leg weakness
  • Arm weakness

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.


What causes Bahemuka Brown syndrome?

Please consult with your doctor for further information.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for Bahemuka Brown syndrome?

Please consult with your doctor for further information.

Diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is Bahemuka Brown syndrome diagnosed?

The yield for diagnoses of dysarthria is high for a blood alcohol level and urine drug screen. If the dysarthria is intermittent, an EEG and Tensilon test or acetylcholine receptor antibody titer should be done. If transient ischemic attacks are suspected, a carotid scan should be done, but the only way to completely exclude this possibility is by doing four-vessel cerebral angiography. A CT scan or MRI should be done in all cases of persistent dysarthria. A neurologist can help decide which study would be most appropriate. If Wilson’s disease is suspected, a test for serum copper and ceruloplasmin should be done. A spinal tap may help diagnose multiple sclerosis and intracranial hemorrhage.

How is Bahemuka Brown syndrome treated?

Speech therapy is often necessary to relearn oral movements and communication skills, prevent aspiration, and motivate the patient. Treat underlying etiologies as necessary. ALS does not improve. Dysarthria may improve with treatment of diabetes and/or hypothyroidism. Myasthenia gravis improves with pyridostigmine and immunosuppression. Pralidoxime and atropine for nerve gas poisoning. Antitoxin and close ICU observation for botulism. Steroids for polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Surgical intervention may be necessary for structural causes.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage Bahemuka Brown syndrome?

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: January 24, 2018 | Last Modified: January 25, 2018