What is bacterial pneumonia?
Bacterial pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria. Bacteria penetrate into the lungs via inhalation or through blood. Usually bacterial pneumonia is usually mild, but in some cases may be fatal.
How common is bacterial pneumonia ?
Bacterial pneumonia is a very common disease, it can happen to anyone. People living in areas contaminated or compromised immune system will usually have much more risk. You can limit your ability to disease by reducing the risk factors. Always consult your doctor for more information.
What are some signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia?
The common symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, such as chest pain, chills, or confusion, cough, fever, headache or muscle aches.
In some cases, the disease can occur with other symptoms, including:
- Pain in the chest when breathing
- Yellow or green Talkie (more than usual and sometimes bloody)
- Out of breath
Patients with severe pneumonia are often short of breath, low blood pressure, body temperature higher than 39oC and or confusion.
There may be other symptoms and signs are not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Bacterial pneumonia often, however, would be very dangerous if worsening. Please contact your doctor immediately if the following symptoms appear:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Fever 39oC or higher
- Persistent cough, especially hemoptysis
In addition, the following objects need to see a doctor if you suffer from bacterial pneumonia:
- Children under 2 years old
- People over age 65
- People who have a weakened immune system
- Patients undergoing chemotherapy or taking drugs inhibit the immune system
What causes bacterial pneumonia?
Bacterial pneumonia occurs when bacteria pass defense mechanism of the body and into the lungs, causing inflammation. The common bacterium that causes bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus, Mycoplasma, Staphylococcus, Haemophilus and Legionella.
What increases your risk for bacterial pneumonia?
Anyone can get pneumonia. However, the two age groups have the highest risk are:
- Infants and children younger than 2 years old
- Adults over 65 years old
Other risks include:
- Smoking directly affects the ability of lung activity, damaging the natural immune system of the body.
- A number of chronic diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart disease.
- The immune system is weakened or suppressed due to factors such as HIV / AIDS, organ transplants, cancer chemotherapy or using steroids for a long time.
Diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.
What are your treatment options for bacterial pneumonia?
Treatments bacterial pneumonia most commonly used antibiotics. Patients with mild disease may be taking antibiotics and often feel better in 2-3 days. Most patients can resume after 7-10 days.
If the disease becomes severe, patients should be hospitalized and intravenous antibiotics. They need support and use oxygen to clean cure phlegm. Additionally, patients may require dialysis and treatment in the intensive care area.
What are the most common tests for bacterial pneumonia?
Bacterial pneumonia is often difficult to diagnose because the symptoms exactly quite similar to colds and flu. Some common diagnostic methods that doctors can use include:
- Based and medical history: the doctor will ask for signs and symptoms of you, they appear when and how.
- Physical exam: Your doctor will check your lung activity stethoscope. If you have pneumonia, the lungs will emit sound or wheezing roac pouring when you inhale.
If you suspect you have bacterial pneumonia, your doctor may ask you to chest X-rays to ensure accurate diagnosis. Then the doctor will conduct a blood test or saliva to find out what kind of bacteria that cause pneumonia.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies help manage bacterial pneumonia?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with Bacterial pneumonia:
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist where you buy medicines on the medicines you use (prescription or non-prescription drugs). You should also inform your doctor if you are pregnant or being treated for other diseases.
- Contact a doctor if the condition worsens or you do not get better after 2-3 days.
- Wash your hands often to prevent the spread of disease.
- Take antibiotics according as prescription, until the disease.
- Take paracetamol or aspirin to reduce fever and pain (not for kids).
- Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
- Breathe fresh air. You can buy all kinds of nebulizer at the pharmacy or ask your doctor if your residence and work too dry.
- Contact a doctor if fever, saliva is green or yellow, dyspnoea, chest pain or dark skin type, pale lips and nails.
- Avoid areas with air pollution and cigarette smoke, especially if you have lung problems.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: February 3, 2017
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Download version
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adults: Protect yourself with pneumococcal vaccines. http://www.cdc.gov/features/adult-pneumococcal/. Accessed September 28, 2015.
Pneumonia. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu. Accessed September 28, 2015.