Apert Syndrome


Know the basics

What is apert syndrome?

Apert syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes the abnormal shape of the head and face. Babies who are born with apert syndrome often suffer from birth defects.

It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of apert syndrome?

People with an apert syndrome often exhibit symptoms such as:

  • Long head;
  • High forehead;
  • Prominent eyes;
  • Mid-face underdevelopment;
  • Hearing impairment;
  • Repeated ear infections;
  • Slow intellectual development;
  • Short height;
  • Toe fusion.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes apert syndrome?

Apert syndrome occurs due to a rare genetic mutation, which is an inherited disease, making some skull bones close earlier than they are supposed to, resulting in a skull with an unusual shape. The brain continues to grow inside the skull, placing pressure on the bones.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for apert syndrome?

Prenatal screening and diagnostic tests may also be performed to determine a family history of apert syndrome. However, there are serious risks associated with prenatal testing, including miscarriage. You should consult your doctor for the potential health risks and benefits when planning to become pregnant.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is apert syndrome diagnosed?

Apert syndrome can be detected at birth through the appearance of the infant, though genetic testing is required to rule out other causes of abnormal skull development.

How is apert syndrome treated?

There has not been any cure for apert syndrome. However, surgery can help to fix the skull shape and fused fingers and toes.

First, the surgeon separates the early fused bones and rearrange some of them. This procedure is done best when the child is between 6 to 8 months old. As the child grows, the bones will come out of the original place. Another surgery will be necessary to get the jaw and cheekbones into the normal position when the child is between 4 to 12 years old. Then, the child needs an eye surgery to bring the eye sockets closer together and maybe adjust the jaw, too. In some cases, the child may need more surgeries, depending on his or her condition.

It is advisable to perform skull bone release surgery when the child is still young so that the child gets the best shot at developing a normal intellectual ability. A healthy living environment with loving parents also contributes to the child’s mental state.

Lifestyle changes & Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage apert syndrome?

Even though apert syndrome technically does not affect the child’s behaviors or emotions, the child still needs  a lot of help and support to cope with their condition. Thanks to the development of surgical techniques, children with apert syndrome now have longer life expectancy. With proper medical care, they can still enjoy a normal life.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.


Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.



Review Date: September 15, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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