Ankle Osteoarthritis

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Know the basics

What is ankle osteoarthritis?

Arthritis is the condition in which the joints and their surrounding soft tissue are infected and swollen. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritis is often associated with old age.

It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of ankle osteoarthritis?

People with ankle osteoarthritis usually exhibit symptoms such as pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints as well as difficulties in moving around and lifting the weight.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes ankle osteoarthritis?

When you are age, you have more chance to get ankle osteoarthritis, which is caused by wear and tear.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for ankle osteoarthritis?

There are two risk factors for ankle osteoarthritis, such as:

  • Previous joint trauma;
  • An underlying medical condition.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is ankle osteoarthritis diagnosed?

Ankle osteoarthritis is diagnosed by your medical history, physical exam, X-rays, and MRI or CT scans.

How is ankle osteoarthritis treated?

Ankle osteoarthritis can be treated without surgery. Non-surgical treatments available include:

  • Injections of steroid medications into the affected joints;
  • Anti-inflammatory medications and painkillers;
  • Some instrument supports such as pad or arch;
  • Physical therapy.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat ankle osteoarthritis. Depending on your condition, your doctor will help you decide what is the best option for you. The two most common surgeries for ankle osteoarthritis are:

  • Fusion surgery or arthrodesis is the procedure of fusing the bones together, using pins, screws, and plates.
  • Joint replacement surgery  which replaces the natural joints with artificial implant ones.

Fortunately, ankle osteoarthritis can be controlled with proper medications. Although you cannot undo the damage in your joint, you are still able to slow down the process as well as manage the pain and disability by staying physically active and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Lifestyle changes & Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage ankle osteoarthritis?

If you have ankle osteoarthritis, it is important that your shoes are custom-made to:

  • Fit the shape of your feet;
  • Be able to support your weight;
  • Have rubber soles for extra cushioning effect;
  • Be extremely flexible.

Besides, you should exercise your feet regularly to keep them strong. Recommended exercises involve stretching, pulling and curling your toes and stretching your achilles.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: September 15, 2016 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019