Anal Abscess

By Medically reviewed by hellodoktor

Know the basics

What is anal abscess?

Anal abscess is resulted from infections of anal glands, causing a collection of pus to form near the anus. The most common type of anal abscess is the perianal abscess, a painfully swollen boil near the anus. Other forms of anal abscess are located in deeper tissue, thus are less visible.

It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of anal abscess?

The most common symptom of anal abscess is probably a sharp pain in the anus, especially when sitting down. Other signs are anal irritation, pus discharge, and constipation. If the abscesses are located deeper inside, patients may suffer from fever, chills or malaise. Sometimes, fever is the only sign.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes anal abscess?

Possible causes of anal abscess include anal fistula infection, blocked anal glands and sexually transmitted infection.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for anal abscess?

You may have greater risks of getting anal abscess if you have:

  • Anal sex;
  • Diabetes;
  • Bowel inflammation;
  • Weaken the immune system (resulted from HIV/AIDS);
  • Patients who use corticosteroid medicines or chemotherapy drugs also have a higher risk.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is anal abscess diagnosed?

In most cases, an evaluation with a digital rectal exam is enough for diagnosis. However, some patients will need more tests to check for rectal cancer, sexually transmitted infections and other diseases.

How is anal abscess treated?

It is best to treat anal abscess before it erupts. Generally, the anal abscess can be treated with surgical drainage using local anesthetic. More severe cases might require hospitalization. After the procedure, patients will be prescribed with painkillers and antibiotics. Fistulas can develop weeks to years later. So, it is likely that patients will need a separate fistula surgery later.

Lifestyle changes & Home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage anal abscess?

With proper treatment and aftercare, people with anal abscess will completely recover in a short time. You can prevent anal abscess by using condoms during anal sex. In some cases, infants and toddlers might experience, frequent diaper changes and proper cleaning during diaper changes can help prevent both anal fissures and abscesses.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.


Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: September 14, 2016 | Last Modified: September 13, 2019