Know the basics
What is aldosteronism?
Aldosteronism is a disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands produce too many hormone aldosterone in the blood . The adrenal glands are the places producing hormones aldosterone , which helps balance sodium and potassium in the blood . Aldosteronism can reduce potassium levels and increase salt in your blood, thereby causing high blood pressure .
How common is aldosteronism?
Aldosteronism is uncommon. It affects both males and females. The disease usually occurs in people who have high blood pressure, and those who are aged from 30 to 50.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of aldosteronism?
The first signs of the disease are hypertension, or high blood pressure associated with hypokalemia evidence. Also, some other symptoms may include body weakness, muscle cramps, nausea, constipation, and frequent urination.
In some cases, patients may not show any symptoms.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
Contact your doctor for tests and diagnosis if you have signs and symptoms of aldosteronism. Aldosteronism can cause high blood pressure increased, so you should check regularly. Please consult your doctor if you have high blood pressure risks, such as:
- 45 years old or more;
- Families with a history of suffering from high blood pressure;
- Being overweight;
- At motor;
- Regular smokers;
- Drink plenty of alcohol;
- Nutritional imbalance (too much salt and not enough potassium).
Know the causes
What causes aldosteronism?
The main cause of this condition is due to too much adrenal hormone aldosterone.
There are 2 types of aldosteronism: primary hyperaldosteronism and secondary hyperaldosteronism:
- Primary hyperaldosteronism occurs when there are adrenal tumors. These are benign tumors, and called adenomas. This disorder is also known as Conn’s syndrome.
- Secondary hyperaldosteronism is usually due to other diseases in the body such as congestive heart failure, liver failure, kidney disease, dehydration, or by some medications such as diuretics or fludrocortisone.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for aldosteronism?
There are many risk factors for aldosteronism:
- High blood pressure which needs to be treated combine three or more drugs.
- High blood pressure since young (under 30 years old).
- Families with a history of stroke at young age.
- Low amount of potassium in blood.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.
How is aldosteronism diagnosed?
To diagnose aldosteronism, the doctor can perform the method as:
- Screening: the doctor will perform tests aldosterone and renin levels in the blood. Renin is an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure. Low renin and aldosterone concentrations can cause high blood pressure.
- Diagnostic tests: If a screening test result shows that the risk of disease you can enhance aldosterone, your doctor may suggest that you continue to perform the test method, such as aldosterone levels after infusion, fludrocortisone suppression test.
- The additional tests may include abdominal CT scan, check the adrenal veins.
How is aldosteronism treated?
Based on the cause of the disease, the doctor will choose the treatment method for aldosteronism. The overall, goal of all treatments is aimed at preventing the production of aldosterone, and preventing complications from high blood pressure and low blood potassium levels.
Treatment of tumor in an adrenal gland may include:
- Surgery: Doctors may perform a surgery to remove the adrenal tumor. After surgery, blood pressure and potassium levels can be improved, and aldosterone hormone levels return to normal as well.
- Medication: You may be specified using aldosterone blockers as mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. However, high blood pressure and increased blood potassium levels will fall if you stop smoking. Keep medications as directed by your doctor.
Other treatments for both 2 types of aldosteronism:
- Medication: mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist spironolactone or can help you control your blood pressure and potassium levels in the blood. Some medications can cause side effects such as decreased libido, impotence, menstrual disorders or gastrointestinal disorders.
- Besides, you should change your lifestyle habits. Lifestyle changes and a healthy diet can help you control your blood pressure. Always maintain a healthy weight, exercise regime with suitable sports, restrict smoking and the use of alcoholic beverages, while always use the medicine as directed by your doctor.
Lifestyle Changes & Home Remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies help manage aldosteronism?
You can control your condition if you pay attention to implement and maintain the habit, such as:
- Maintain a healthy diet. Limit the amount of salt in everyday diet, supplements vegetables, fruit. Keep a variety of foods for good health, such as cereals, fruits, vegetables, low-fat food.
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you have a BMI greater than or equal to 25, weight loss can improve blood pressure.
- Exercise: Walking, aerobic exercise can help you improve your blood pressure.
- Do not smoke; limit the use of drinks with caffeine or alcohol.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: August 15, 2016 | Last Modified: September 12, 2019
Ferri, Fred. Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders / Elsevier, 2012. Print edition. Page 171.
Hyperaldosteronism-primary and secondary. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000330.htm. Accessed June 15, 2015.
Primary aldosteronism. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/primary-aldosteronism/basics/definition/con-20030194. Accessed June 15, 2015.