Know the basics

What are adenoids?

Adenoids are a mass of enlarged lymphatic tissue located between the back of the nose and the throat. Like your tonsils, adenoids serve as a filter, preventing germs from getting inside your body through your nose and mouth. Adenoids can only be seen with a special instrument. Adenoids shrink as you grow up. When you reach your teenage, they usually disappear. Since the job of adenoids is fighting bacteria, they sometimes can be overwhelmed and infected, resulting in adenoids inflammation. This condition is referred to as adenoiditis, which mostly affects children.

It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of adenoiditis?

Possible symptoms of adenoiditis include the sore throat, stuffy nose, swollen glands in the neck, pain in the ears and nasal problems such as mouth breathing, nasal speech, snoring or temporary breath holding during sleep.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes adenoiditis?

People gets a sore throat, and sometimes the tonsils in your mouth can become infected. Adenoids which located higher up in the mouth, behind the nose and roof of the mouth, can also get infected. The bacteria causes adenoiditis, called Streptococcus. It could be caused by a number of viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, adenovirus, and rhinovirus.

This condition could make your breath difficult and lead to recurring respiratory infections.

Know the risk factors

What are the risk factors for the adenoiditis?

There are some risk factors that include:

  • Recurring infections in the throat, neck, or head;
  • Infections of the tonsils;
  • Contact with airborne viruses, germs, and bacteria.

Children are easy to get adenoiditis. This is because adenoids progressively shrink through childhood.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How to diagnose adenoiditis?

To diagnose this condition, the doctor will recommend:

  • The throat examinations;
  • Blood tests;
  • X-rays;
  • A test from an otolaryngologist to do a physical examination to determine where the infection is located.

How to treat adenoiditis?

Most cases of adenoiditis can be treated with antibiotics. However, if the infections are frequent, or the antibiotics do not work, or your child has breathing difficulties, a surgical procedure called adenoidectomy may be recommended to remove the adenoids. It is advisable to remove the tonsils at the same time.

During the procedure, general anesthesia will be administered and the adenoids (and tonsils) will be removed through the mouth without any additional incisions. While adenoidectomy requires no downtime, you should let your child stay at the surgical facility for about 5 hours so that he or she can be carefully monitored.

After adenoidectomy, patients are likely to experience low fever and a sore throat, which may cause mouth breathing. In addition, white scabs often appear in the treated areas. Most of them will automatically fall off within 10 days of surgery. It is important that your child does not pick at them. Your child is expected to have small spots of blood in the nose or the mouth. But if they are bright red blood spots or your child have a  wheeze,  you need to take your child to the hospital right away.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

How to manage adenoiditis?

 The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with health condition:

  • Eating healthy foods;
  • Drinking plenty of fluids;
  • Getting enough sleep;
  • Using good hygiene practices.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Review Date: September 13, 2016 | Last Modified: April 17, 2017

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