What is acute pancreatitis?


Know the basics

What is acute pancreatitis?

Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas and usually occur suddenly. The pancreas produces a substance called pancreatic juice (containing digestive enzymes) and hormones including insulin for glucose control body. The continuous lesions of the pancreas can lead to a chronic condition.

Acute pancreatitis can be fatal to many complications. About 20% of cases is in severe forms. In serious cases, shock and death may occur.

How common is acute pancreatitis?

Acute pancreatitis is quite common. It is slightly more common in men than in women. It can affect patients at any age. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?

The first symptom is abdominal pain may persist for several days and often heavy. Upper abdominal pain that radiates into the back; it may be aggravated by eating, especially foods high in fat. Swollen and tender abdomen can occur. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, fever and rapid pulse. There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have any signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes acute pancreatitis?

Some causes can cause acute pancreatitis include:

  • The most common is caused by gallstones and alcohol;
  • Side effects of prescription medications;
  • Having abdominal surgery;
  • People with high blood calcium levels;
  • The abnormalities in gut and pancreas;
  • Rare infections (like mumps);
  • Obstruction or scar formation in the pancreas, cancer, and pancreatic infection.

Sometimes, in a few cases, the cause cannot be identified.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for acute pancreatitis?

There are many risk factors for acute pancreatitis, such as:

  • Heavy smoking;
  • Abuse of alcohol: those who regularly drink too much alcohol have a higher risk might normally.
  • Family history: family had been infected people pancreatitis.
  • High blood fat levels.
  • Have some other conditions, such as gallstone disease or cystic fibrosis.
  • The structural problems of the pancreas or bile duct, especially in cases in which the pancreas was split and have two main bile duct.
  • Use of drugs, including estrogen therapy and some antibiotics.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is acute pancreatitis diagnosed?

To diagnose the disease, the doctor will be based on medical history or health check, along with blood and urine tests. Also, doctors may conduct tomography (CT) or ultrasound stomach.

Blood tests to check levels of amylase and lipase (enzyme digestion are created in the pancreas), amylase or lipase may be increased when the pancreas becomes inflamed. The concentration of calcium, magnesium, salt, potassium, and bicarbonate in the blood may change. The concentration of sugar and fats (lipids) in the blood may also increase. After the pancreas recovers, the concentration levels will usually return to normal levels.

How is acute pancreatitis treated?

The treatment generally identifiable support and be conducted at the hospital. Your doctor may perform blood perfusion increases and replace electrolytes such as potassium and calcium. If patients cannot control sickness, a temporary tube placed from the nose to the stomach connects to withdraw and air services.

Patients with mild pancreatitis cannot eat for 3-4 days but would be treated with intravenous fluids and pain medication.

Patients with severe pancreatitis may be longer infusion. The surgery will be performed with signs of infection, cysts, or bleeding. Pain by gallstones can be treated by removing the gallbladder or bile duct surgery when inflammation marrow remission.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage acute pancreatitis?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with acute pancreatitis:

  • Stop drinking;
  • Quitting smoking (if you smoke);
  • Choose a diet low in fat: fat diet restrictions and additional fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and protein;
  • Drink plenty of water: pancreatitis may cause dehydration, so you should drink plenty of water (at least 2 liters/1 day);
  • Check with your doctor if you have stomach pain, vomiting blood, or have had problems with alcohol, yellow skin and eyes, fever (over 38oC), weight loss, muscle cramps or epilepsy when quit drinking.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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