Know the basics
What is acute coronary syndrome?
Acute coronary syndrome is a phenomenon that blood flow to the heart is reduced dramatically. The disease can be a serious threat to life and health.
Myocardial infarction and angina symptoms unstable are common clinical manifestations of acute coronary syndrome. In myocardial infarction, some of the heart muscle loses its operations for not getting enough blood. But in unstable angina, the pain will appear suddenly when you’re relaxing or resting.
How common is acute coronary syndrome?
Subjects often acute coronary syndrome, including:
- People who are over 55 years old;
- Family history of heart disease;
- Being overweight, not exercising;
- Diabetes (diabetes mellitus);
- High blood pressure;
- High cholesterol in the blood;
- Ingestion lots of fat.
Know the symptoms
What are the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome?
The signs and symptoms you may have include:
- Feeling angina.
- Pain vague or severe pain chest, neck, left shoulder, arms spread down (especially the left arm). The pain may appear slow or sudden, diffuse or stinging.
- Signs and other symptoms of acute coronary syndrome are:
- Respiratory problems;
- Feeling vulnerable to falls;
- Severe fatigue;
- Muscle weakness, nausea and sweating.
There may be some signs or symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.
When should I see my doctor?
If you have signs and symptoms mentioned above, or if you have any questions or concerns, please consult your doctor. In particular, you should go see the doctor immediately if you feel pain or tightness in the chest often. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.
Know the causes
What causes acute coronary syndrome?
The cause of acute coronary syndrome include:
- Anemia makes the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen.
- Evidence of atherosclerosis or vascular contractions can decreased blood flow to the heart.
- Atherosclerosis is caused by the fiber and fat deposits inside blood vessels. The unusual phenomenon in heart valves and heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that can impede blood flow to the heart and the coronary arteries.
- Anemia restricts blood flow to the heart.
Know the risk factors
What increases my risk for acute coronary syndrome?
Factors that increase the risk of acute coronary syndrome similar to other cardiovascular diseases:
- Old people (40 years old or older);
- High blood pressure;
- High cholesterol;
- Lack of exercise and sports;
- Diabetes type 2;
- Family history: your family has people with chest pain, heart disease or stroke. For women, it is more risky if they have history of hypertension, preeclampsia or gestational diabetes.
Understand the diagnosis & treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.
How is acute coronary syndrome diagnosed?
To diagnose acute coronary syndrome accurately, the doctor will ask medical and physical examination of your symptoms.
In addition, your doctor may ask you to have some medical test. Tests for acute coronary syndrome include:
- Measuring the ECG (the heart’s electrical survey);
- A stress test;
- Blood tests;
- Cardiac catheterization (catheter is inserted through an artery and then go to the heart to see which of them are blocked).
How is acute coronary syndrome treated?
The goal of the treatment is to increase blood flow resulting in heart; or decreased activity of the heart
- Drugs Nitrates (nitroglycerin) will increase blood flow to the heart.
- The Beta inhibitors can treat hypertension.
- Control other important diseases such as diabetes, increased blood cholesterol.
In some cases, surgery or other interventions may need to be done to unblock the blood vessel. These procedures include angioplasty, stenting and coronary bypass. During the angioplasty procedure, a balloon-like device will gradually open up the blood vessel blockage or narrowing.
Lifestyle changes & home remedies
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage acute coronary syndrome?
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with acute coronary syndrome:
- Re-examination on time.
- Listen to the guidance of your doctor. Not take medicine without the instructions of a doctor, or change the dose.
- Reduce stress to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of angina. You should explore new ways to relax yourself.
- Lose weight if you are overweight. Losing weight can help stabilize blood pressure and improve cholesterol and blood sugar.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017