What is acromegaly?


Know the basics

What is acromegaly?

Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that results from too much growth hormone. This causes the skin and bone in the head, face, arms and legs grow at a faster rate than the body. The physical changes occur slower and may not be detected for years. If left untreated, acromegaly can cause serious complications. It is important to inform you doctor if you have any symptoms.

How common is acromegaly?

Acromegaly is uncommon. It usually affects middle-aged adults, both men and women. In children who are still growing, too much growth hormone can cause a similar condition called gigantism. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.


Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of acromegaly?

The common signs and symptoms of acromegaly are when your bones in the hands, feet, head and face unusually bigger than your body.

In addition, the disease also causes some other symptoms such as:

  • Headache;
  • Reduced in vision;
  • Arthritis;
  • Numbness and tingling fingers;
  • High Blood Pressure;
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle;
  • Proof of impotence in men;
  • Wide gap between the gums;
  • Snore when sleeping
  • Lower voice.

There may be some symptoms not listed above. If you have any concerns about a symptom, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following:

Call your doctor or go to hospital if you have one of the following symptoms:

  • There are big swollen limbs, muscle weakness or muscle paralysis.
  • There are parts on the lips, nose, tongue … began to grow larger and swollen than usual.
  • The distance between the roots of teeth is wider than normal teeth.
  • Feeling abnormal vision, severe headache, numbness or nerve pain, and chest pain and to avoid the complications of the disease.

Know the causes

What causes acromegaly?

Acromegaly is caused by an overproduction of growth hormone from your pituitary gland. The pituitary gland produces several important hormones that control body functions such as growth and development, reproduction, and metabolism. The growth hormone is important for regulating the physical growth of your body. The abnormal high level of growth hormone leads to the bone in the arm, leg, head and face unusually bigger than the body. The cause for the overproduction can be from a pituitary tumor or in rare cases a tumor of the pancreas, lung or parts of the brain.

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for acromegaly?

There are some risk factors for acromegaly, such as:

  • You have a history of pituitary diseases such as pituitary tumor, hypopituitarism.
  • If you get disorder GHRH (growth hormone liberation) in the lower lobe of the hill, you can also get acromegaly caused by GHRH growth hormone than normal activity.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is acromegaly diagnosed?

There are many approaches to diagnosis to the extremities. Usually the doctor will check the patient’s body and blood test to measure the amount of growth hormone.


How is acromegaly treated?

The treatments to the extremities including:

  • Early diagnosis and treatment of pituitary disease, disorder reduction produces too much growth hormone. Your doctor may suggest you to visit a specialist in endocrinology, which specializes in treating hormonal problems.
  • Surgery to remove the tumor will be performed by reaching the tumor in the pituitary gland through the nose or on the lips, and does not leave scars.
  • Removing the tumor with radiation therapy.
  • Usually the doctor will combine all possible methods for effective and fastest. Acromegaly needs the long-term treatment. Surgery is usually successful but hormone levels may not return to normal, so patients need to have the support of the drug after surgery.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage acromegaly?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with acromegaly:

  • Adhere strictly to the instructions of the doctor in the prescription, and collaborative treatment process. You should contact your doctor if you experience side effects of drugs such as nausea, lightheadedness, dizziness rather arbitrarily discontinued.
  • Get regular check-ups (as directed by your doctor). Your doctor will check your blood pressure, blood sugar and cardiovascular health to track the disease’s complications.
  • Disables all the symptoms will not go away immediately. The treatment needs to first spend a long time and the will of both patients and their loved ones.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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