What is acquired polyneuropathy?


Know the basics

What is acquired polyneuropathy?

Acquired polyneuropathy is a nerve disease or nerve damage of multiple nerves at one time. The damage is usually caused by some other disease or exposure and not inherited. So acquired polyneuropathy is diagnosed directly. Acquired polyneuropathy is one of the most common neuropathy.

Acquired polyneuropathy are categorized based on neural function (eg, neurosensory, motor, autonomic nervous). The other classification is based on the cause or genotypes.

Some types of polyneuropathy includes Guillain-Barré syndrome, pathological plexus, arthritis chronic nerve demyelination, and neurosensory diseases caused by small-cell carcinoma cancer.

How common is acquired polyneuropathy?

Acquired polyneuropathy is a common disease. It is usually caused by an underlying cause. It can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.

Know the symptoms

What are the symptoms of acquired polyneuropathy?

Depending on the causes, acquired polyneuropathy has different symptoms. Symptoms may include movement disorders (motor nerves) and the senses (sensory nerve cord) occur on both sides of the body. These symptoms can be painful sensation (burning sensation, cold, stinging) or no pain (itching, swelling). First, you may feel numbness or pain in the feet, then legs, fingers, hands, and arms. In addition, the feet and legs can be weakened. The ability of the eye movements may also be affected. The symptoms may worsen when exposed to heat, physical activity, or fatigue. There may be other symptoms and signs are not mentioned. If you have any questions about these signs, please consult your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you have signs and symptom listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. Everyone’s body acts differently. It is always best to discuss with your doctor what is best for your situation.

Know the causes

What causes acquired polyneuropathy?

There are more than 100 causes of acquired polyneuropathy. Common cause is diabetes (diabetes mellitus).

Other common causes are hypothyroidism, renal failure azotemia, and nutrient deficiencies (vitamin B12). Alcohol and cancer treatments can cause neurological disease because of poisoning. Autoimmune and inflammatory diseases including Streptococcus B infection, infectious amyloid, Sjogren’s syndrome, Sacoit diseases, and chronic inflammatory Demyelin.

In addition, we also find the cause of diseases from infectious diseases (HIV, Lyme disease). Approximately 30-40% of patients do not find the cause (idiopathic neuropathy).

Know the risk factors

What increases my risk for acquired polyneuropathy?

Currently, the risk factors of acquired polyneuropathy are not very clear. Risks from possible causes include:

  • Diabetes (diabetes mellitus);
  • Hypothyroidism;
  • Increased blood urea from renal failure;
  • Lack of vitamin B12;
  • Alcoholism;
  • Being treated with chemotherapy;
  • Autoimmune disease;
  • Streptococcus B infection include inflammation, infectious amyloid, Sjogren’s syndrome, Sacoit diseases, and chronic inflammatory Demyelin.

Understand the diagnosis & treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for more information.

How is acquired polyneuropathy diagnosed?

Doctors will check the medical history and clinical examination. Electrical and Mechanical Contracting (EMG), analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (lumbar puncture), examination sensation, nerve conduction study (NCS), skin biopsies and blood tests to measure levels of vitamin B12.

How is acquired polyneuropathy treated?

Once the cause of the disease is found, it is easier to find the right treatment for acquired polyneuropathy. For example, if the cause were uremia, malnutrition (vitamin B12 therapy), Streptococcus B infection, and hypothyroidism; the treatment would be to treat these causes.

You should stop using any neurotoxic medications. This will reverse any mild neuropathy or prevent the disease from worsening.

Prednisone, immunoglobulins, or plasma filtration (PE) may be useful treatments. In PE, whole blood is drawn from the body and a liquid portion (plasma) is removed. Blood cells are then returned to the body.

If you cannot manage any coordination of your limb movement, you may need a cane, crutches, walker, or wheelchair.

Lifestyle changes & home remedies

What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me manage acquired polyneuropathy?

The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with acquired polyneuropathy:

  • Follow-up visits to be monitored periodically progression of symptoms as well as your health.
  • Listen to the guidance of a doctor, not arbitrarily medication that is not specified or voluntarily quit during treatment.
  • Positive physical activity.
  • Participate in a self-help group for assistance.
  • Learn as much as possible about their disease and how to deal with it.

If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

msBahasa Malaysia

Review Date: May 30, 2016 | Last Modified: January 4, 2017

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